the first degree
In all cases of difficulty and danger, in whom do you put your trust?
In GodThis statement at the introduction to the first degree is the basis for all subsequent activity in freemasonry. An abstract idea that God exists is not sufficient for a freemason. God is person in whom trust can be securely placed. All actions of a freemasons are built on faith in God, to whom we pray and who has provided sacred writings to govern our faith. The integrity of the faith of a freemason is demonstrated by his actions.
Abrahan put his faith in God and that faith was counted to him as righteousness. He left Ur and travelled as God directed him. Rahab the prostitute put her faith in God and assisted the spies sent by Joshua to escape. Joshua 2 She and her household were saved when Jericho was destroyed. Joshua 6:17-25 Rahab was the mother of Boaz. The name Boaz probably means in him is strength and was given to the pillar at the left (or north) of the entrance to the Temple built by Solomon. 1 Kings 7:21 , 2 Chronicles 3:17
Faith is the first step in freemasonry after which follow hope and charity. Hope of being partakers in the promises of God recorded in the sacred writings. Charity describing a freemason's relationship with all people.
The use of the square and compasses is explained to the entered apprentice. The square is to regulate our actions and the compasses to keep us in due bounds with all mankind.
The principles of moral truth and virtue as revealed by God are the focus of the first degree. To faith, hope and charity may be added the four cardinal virtues, temperance, fortitude, prudence and justice.